The Dark Side of Technology Peter Townsend Abstract Technological progress comes with a dark side where good ideas and intentions produce undesirable results extreme downsides include atomic and biological weapons. The many and various unexpected outcomes of technology span humorous to bizarre, to situations that threaten human survival. Development can be positive for some, but negative and isolating for others e. Progress is often transient, as faster electronics and computers dramatically shorten retention time of data, knowledge, and information loss e.
Tobacco was ranked 3rd in dependence, 14th in physical harm, and 12th in social harm. Among male smokers, the lifetime risk of developing lung cancer is This risk is significantly lower in nonsmokers: With the postwar rise in popularity of cigarette smoking came a virtual epidemic of lung cancer.
However, if someone stops smoking, then these chances gradually decrease as the damage to their body is repaired. A year after quitting, the risk of contracting heart disease is half that of a continuing smoker. Risks vary according to the amount of tobacco smoked, with those who smoke more at greater risk.
Smoking so-called "light" cigarettes does not reduce the risk. SCLC may originate from neuroendocrine cells located in the bronchus called Feyrter cells. The corresponding estimates for lifelong nonsmokers are a 1. Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease COPD caused by smoking, is a permanent, incurable often terminal reduction of pulmonary capacity characterised by shortness of breath, wheezing, persistent cough with sputumand damage to the lungs, including emphysema and chronic bronchitis.
Tobacco stains on primarily the second and third fingers of a heavy smoker Inhalation of tobacco smoke causes several immediate responses within the heart and blood vessels. Within one minute the heart rate begins to rise, increasing by as much as 30 percent during the first 10 minutes of smoking.
Carbon monoxide in tobacco smoke exerts negative effects by reducing the blood's ability to carry oxygen. According to a study by an international team of researcherspeople under 40 are five times more likely to have a heart attack if they smoke.
Furthermore, the ratio of high-density lipoprotein HDL, also known as the "good" cholesterol to low-density lipoprotein LDL, also known as the "bad" cholesterol tends to be lower in smokers compared to non-smokers.
Smoking also raises the levels of fibrinogen and increases platelet production both involved in blood clotting which makes the blood thicker and more likely to clot. Carbon monoxide binds to hemoglobin the oxygen-carrying component in red blood cellsresulting in a much stabler complex than hemoglobin bound with oxygen or carbon dioxide—the result is permanent loss of blood cell functionality.
Blood cells are naturally recycled after a certain period of time, allowing for the creation of new, functional red blood cells. However, if carbon monoxide exposure reaches a certain point before they can be recycled, hypoxia and later death occurs.
All these factors make smokers more at risk of developing various forms of arteriosclerosis hardening of the arteries. As the arteriosclerosis progresses, blood flows less easily through rigid and narrowed blood vessels, making the blood more likely to form a thrombosis clot.
Sudden blockage of a blood vessel may lead to an infarction stroke or heart attack. However, it is also worth noting that the effects of smoking on the heart may be more subtle.
These conditions may develop gradually given the smoking-healing cycle the human body heals itself between periods of smokingand therefore a smoker may develop less significant disorders such as worsening or maintenance of unpleasant dermatological conditions, e.
Smoking also increases blood pressure and weakens blood vessels. Smokers are at a significantly increased risk for chronic kidney disease than non-smokers.
Influenza was also more severe in the smokers; Influenza incidence among smokers of 1 to 20 cigarettes daily was intermediate between non-smokers and heavy cigarette smokers. However, smoking also increases the risk for various other oral diseases, some almost completely exclusive to tobacco users.
The National Institutes of Healththrough the National Cancer Institutedetermined in that "cigar smoking causes a variety of cancers including cancers of the oral cavity lip, tongue, mouth, throatesophaguslarynxand lung. Smokeless tobacco causes gingival recession and white mucosal lesions.
Smokers have significantly greater loss of bone height than nonsmokers, and the trend can be extended to pipe smokers to have more bone loss than nonsmokers. Smoking more than 20 cigarettes a day increases the risk of by two to four times,   and being a current smoker has been linked to a fourfold increase in the risk of invasive disease caused by the pathogenic bacteria Streptococcus pneumoniae.
Nicotine and other harmful chemicals in cigarettes interfere with the body's ability to create estrogena hormone that regulates folliculogenesis and ovulation.1. Digital media can be used by communities with harmful intentions to spread propaganda and to mobilize followers.
Digital media offers opportunities to spread information and organize action for good causes, but can also be used to disseminate maleficent content and propaganda, and be used, for example, by extremist groups to recruit and mobilize followers.
Technology can be a highly effective tool, but that’s all it is — a tool. In today’s hyper-connected world, sensible use of technology can enhance education. Technology is not meant to replace the teacher. All of the negative effects that social media and television is having on adults are far greater when it comes to the developing minds of children.
There is no way to know what long term effect technology will have on our children because this is the first generation to have unlimited access. Nov 16, · When Seattle officials voted three years ago to incrementally boost the city's minimum wage up to $15 an hour, they'd hoped to improve the lives of low-income workers.
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