Place an order for a custom essay, research paper on this or related subject. In defining personality as which does constitute distinction of individuals, Hansestablished his major theory that is based upon fundamental elements of the inherited characteristics. He divided genetic aspects of personality into three factors namely introversion-extroversion, neuroticism and psychoticism in regard to individual personality as well as the individual specific disposition and character. Hans contends that the genetic composition of any individual is monumental to overrule other external influences as a major means in which people form their personality.
The concept was later extended to include any biological system from the cell to the entire biosphereall the areas of Earth inhabited by living things. Unity All living organisms, regardless of their uniqueness, have certain biological, chemical, and physical characteristics in common.
All, for example, are composed of basic units known as cells and of the same chemical substances, which, when Analyzing biological and humanistic, exhibit noteworthy similarities, even in such disparate organisms as bacteria and humans.
Furthermore, since the action of any organism is determined by the manner in which its cells interact and since all cells interact in much the same way, the basic functioning of all organisms is also similar. Animal cells and plant cells contain membrane-bound organelles, including a distinct nucleus.
In contrast, bacterial cells do not contain organelles. There is not only unity of basic living substance and functioning but also unity of origin of all living things.
If, however, life originated on Earth more than once in the past, the fact that all organisms have a sameness of basic structure, compositionand function would seem to indicate that only one original type succeeded.
A common origin of life would explain why in humans or bacteria—and in all forms of life in between—the same chemical substance, deoxyribonucleic acid DNAin the form of genes accounts for the ability of all living matter to replicate itself exactly and to transmit genetic information from parent to offspring.
Furthermore, the mechanisms for that transmittal follow a pattern that is the same in all organisms. Whenever a change in a gene a mutation occurs, there is a change of some kind in the organism that contains the gene. It is this universal phenomenon that gives rise to the differences variations in populations of organisms from which nature selects for survival those that are best able to cope with changing conditions in the environment.
Evolution itself is a biological phenomenon common to all living things, even though it has led to their differences. Evidence to support the theory of evolution has come primarily from the fossil recordfrom comparative studies of structure and function, from studies of embryological development, and from studies of DNA and RNA ribonucleic acid.
Three types of natural selection, showing the effects of each on the distribution of phenotypes within a population. The downward arrows point to those phenotypes against which selection acts.
Stabilizing selection left column acts against phenotypes at both extremes of the distribution, favouring the multiplication of intermediate phenotypes. Directional selection centre column acts against only one extreme of phenotypes, causing a shift in distribution toward the other extreme. Diversifying selection right column acts against intermediate phenotypes, creating a split in distribution toward each extreme.
Diversity Despite the basic biological, chemical, and physical similarities found in all living things, a diversity of life exists not only among and between species but also within every natural population.
The phenomenon of diversity has had a long history of study because so many of the variations that exist in nature are visible to the eye. The fact that organisms changed during prehistoric times and that new variations are constantly evolving can be verified by paleontological records as well as by breeding experiments in the laboratory.
Long after Darwin assumed that variations existed, biologists discovered that they are caused by a change in the genetic material DNA. That change can be a slight alteration in the sequence of the constituents of DNA nucleotidesa larger change such as a structural alteration of a chromosomeor a complete change in the number of chromosomes.
In any case, a change in the genetic material in the reproductive cells manifests itself as some kind of structural or chemical change in the offspring. The consequence of such a mutation depends upon the interaction of the mutant offspring with its environment.Human development is a process that continues throughout our lives.
This lesson will take a look at the progression of human development from infancy to late adulthood with all the stages in between. Biological and Humanistic Approaches to Personality In the following, the author will discuss and analyze the biological and humanistic approaches to personality.
Maslow’s hierarchy of needs will be discussed and examined. Abraham Maslow () attempted to synthesize a large body of research related to human timberdesignmag.com to Maslow, researchers generally focused separately on such factors as biology, achievement, or power to explain what energizes, directs, and sustains human timberdesignmag.com posited a hierarchy of human needs based on two groupings: deficiency needs and growth needs.
Biological & Humanistic Approaches to Personality Analyzing the aspects that are essential to the theory of humanistic approach with the personality of explanations will enlighten you to the differential views of each individual theory of personality. Biological and Humanistic Approaches To Personality Luthan Taylor PSY/ May .
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