Populism or politics of the mob a social phenomenon essay

Liberal intolerance and Liberal bigotry Many modern liberals have a tendency of to be intolerant of ideas that contradict liberal ideology which increasingly includes many strange notions [53] see:

Populism or politics of the mob a social phenomenon essay

The faces of European populism today: To listen in a player, use the one above or click here. Alain de Benoist Le Moment Populiste: Today, such expressions of disdain for the people are associated with a liberal-Left ruling class.

To paraphrase Marx and Engels, a specter is haunting Europe, the specter of populism.

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But what is populism? Can it be defined? What questions does populism raise? What are its origins and what is the significance of its rise?

Can populism be described as Left-wing or Right-wing? It is not a single work written about populism, but a collection of essays written on various aspects of the subject by de Benoist at different times, some of them previously published and revised, some of them original, all collected to create this book.

Therefore, although the book may be seen as a whole, each chapter is autonomous and can be read as an essay quite independently of the other chapters.

The Introduction to this work outlines the background to the rise of populism and some of its major characteristics. This is evident in the shift by socialist parties from representing the aspirations of the underprivileged to accepting, even embracing, liberal and global capitalist reality, the increase in poverty, and the centrifugal tendencies towards a two-class society.

All this and more is noted in the Introduction. It will not escape readers that the notion of a centrifugal tendency towards a two-class society of haves and have-nots, or as others may say, the bourgeoisie and the proletariat, is an essential tenet of Marxist theory.

De Benoist indeed frequently refers sympathetically to Marx in this book. He is past master at citing writers and referring favorably to others, in order to buttress and give more credence to his own arguments.

Cultural insecurity, well studied by Laurent Bouvet, begins at the point where someone feels that they are a stranger in their own home, when someone begins, rightly or not, to regard neighbors as a threat on the grounds of their ethnic background or their religion. It is not possible to examine populism without examining democracy.

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As de Benoist observes, the representative party political democracy challenged by populist leaders is seen by many as not being democratic at all, if democracy is taken to mean the rule of the people. The key here is the disappearance of citizenship, the sense that everyone belongs to a common community of interest.

If the voter is the citizen, the voter can expect, and has a right, to be represented, at least if citizenship is understood as being membership of a political polis.

The people are cajoled, promised to, and bribed, but then forgotten after each election. The result is alienation from the traditional democratic electoral process. De Benoist cites an opinion poll from September which revealed that eighty-five percent of those polled expected to be disappointed by the results of the forthcoming presidential election in France regardless of the result.

Although de Benoist opens his chapter with this well-known quotation, he does not attempt to confute it directly. Regrettably, de Benoist does not take time to consider the plausibility of this. This is one point. It does not mean that populism has had no effect on the existence of Left and Right, either in the way people understand politics or in the way they act politically.

This much is true: Therefore, a political current which truly dispenses with the Right-wing matrix to any significant extent threatens to undermine the foundations of representational democracy as it has been known up till now. The relationship of Left and Right to the rise of populism and the manner in which they interact is thus considerably more complex than de Benoist seems to allow for in these essays.

A clear example of populist change within an establishment party is the recent history of the British Labour Party. It was so proud of this alliance that Labour Party spokesmen were wont to refer to it as part of the success story of the British Labour movement.

In the then leader of the Labour Party, Edward Milliband under pressure from a populist sentiment growing within his party? The change in rules enabled a radical Left-winger named Jeremy Corbyn, with huge support from the party base, to become party leader against the wishes of the great majority of Labour members of Parliament and most union leaders.

However, although Corbyn is clearly a populist figure, he is also very much a Labour Party man, keen to maintain the traditional Labour alliance of socialists and liberal intellectuals, that very alliance which populism may be expected to break.

Populism or politics of the mob a social phenomenon essay

Nobody expects, however, that she will move to the AfD, the German anti-immigration party, where her style, approach, and even her policies might be expected to find ready acclamation.

It is unthinkable for such a person to associate with anyone or anything associated, however obscurely or indirectly, with the name of fascism. Changes in the party political landscape in countries like France and Italy in recent years show on the one hand how populism has affected political structures, and on the other how old preconceptions of Left and Right have prevented the revolutionary transformation of the political landscape which might otherwise have taken place.

The Left and Right parties of the center have diminished to a shadow of their former selves while populist parties have surged forward, but still the old faces hold onto power — just.

But a confrontation of the kind evoked by de Benoist between the elite and the people has not emerged as the defining conflict of political discourse.The Internet has abolished the distinction between speech and publication.

And that makes it harder to speak freely, without fear of reprisal. You must bear in mind that anyone at all might discover your words, share them with like-minded souls via social media, and hold you answerable to their moral standards.

Populism or politics of the mob a social phenomenon essay

In Europe, populism is mainly considered as right wing and synonymous with exclusion, whereas on the American continent, it tends to be found on the left wing and to campaign for the inclusion of people marginalised by financial capitalism in the economic and social system.

Indian activists decry police arrests and searches after caste riots (Aug 28, , Washington Post) Police in India arrested prominent activists and writers and searched their homes Tuesday, alleging that they had incited a riot.

The emancipatory potential of populism relies on the political construction of a “social bloc of the oppressed,” as philosopher Enrique Dussel has argued, drawing on Gramsci and Laclau. Left-wing populism exposes class antagonisms; right-wing populism obscures them, replacing them with cultural chauvinism, xenophobia, and racism.

Hollywood’s Creepy Love Affair With Adolf Hitler, in Explosive New Detail Uncovered: new evidence of Jewish movie moguls’ extensive collaboration with Nazis in the s. Populism Or Politics Of The Mob: A Social Phenomenon.

Populism materialized in East and West Germany’s peaceful re-unification to democracy in the mid’s. It has inspired governments around the world, in which the Philippines’ military-back people power revolution was patterned. Populism is when ‘the popular will of the sovereign people to desist a socio-political affliction.

National populism versus democracy | Eurozine