Overview Union flag In the presidential electionRepublicansled by Abraham Lincolnsupported banning slavery in all the U. The Southern states viewed this as a violation of their constitutional rights and as the first step in a grander Republican plan to eventually abolish slavery. Republican Lincoln's votes centered in the north, Democrat Stephen A.
Reconstruction and the Formerly Enslaved W. Fitzhugh Brundage William B. First, it was a period of tremendous political complexity and far-reaching consequences.
A cursory survey of Reconstruction is never satisfying, but a fuller treatment of Reconstruction can be like quick sand—easy to get into but impossible to get out of.
Second, to the extent that students may have any preconceptions about Reconstruction, The Big Questions of Reconstruction Who was an American? What rights should all Americans enjoy?
What rights would only some Americans possess? On what terms would the nation be reunited? What was the status of the former Confederate states?
How would citizenship be defined? Were the former slaves American citizens? When and how would former Confederates regain their citizenship?
What form of labor would replace slavery? However important a command of the chronology of Reconstruction may be, it is equally important that students understand that Reconstruction was a period when American waged a sustained debate over who was an American, what rights should all Americans enjoy, and what rights would only some Americans possess.
In short, Americans engaged in a strenuous debate about the nature of freedom and equality. With the surrender of Confederate armies and the capture of Jefferson Davis in the spring ofpressing questions demanded immediate answers.
How would citizenship be defined in the postwar nation? Were the former slaves American citizens now? When and how would former Confederates regain their American citizenship? White Americans did not expect blacks to participate in Reconstruction-era debates. If white northerners had only gradually come to understand that the Civil War was a war to end slavery, they recognized immediately during the postwar era that the place of blacks in American society was inextricably bound up in all these pressing questions of the day.
Even so, white northerners, and more so white southerners, presumed that they would debate and resolve these questions with little or no consideration of black opinion. Nothing in the previous history of race relations in North America prepared white Americans for the conspicuous role that African Americans played in the events after the Civil War.Reconstruction Essay essays Reconstruction was the period of 'repair' after the civil war.
It was to repair the North and South, politically, socially, and economically. It was also to rejoin the South back into the union, as it had succeeded during the civil war. Reconstruction.
In , the Civil war was finally brought to an end. The five years of war was the nation's most devastating and wrenching experience/5(1). Reconstruction was a period of time after the Civil War () that was supposed to be the rebuilding of America.
It was also the process used to readmit all . After rejecting the Reconstruction plan of President Andrew Johnson, the Republican Congress enacted laws and Constitutional amendments that empowered the federal government to enforce the principle of equal rights, and gave blacks the right to vote and hold office.
Sep 29, · The Reconstruction period after the Civil ar was a time when America attempted to rebuild the structures and things that had been lost during the war.
However, the reconstruction was not only about building the building again, but was about rebuilding and redefining I American values. Nov 20, · Essay on The Civil War and Reconstruction.
The Civil War was the turning point in the US history, while the Reconstruction era has completed the achievements of the Civil War and changes launched by the war/5(10).