Signing the ConstitutionSeptember 17, On the appointed day, May 14,only the Virginia and Pennsylvania delegations were present, and so the convention's opening meeting was postponed for lack of a quorum. Eventually twelve states were represented; 74 delegates were named, 55 attended and 39 signed.
All rights reserved Of course, you say, the Constitution caused the Civil War. By recognizing and institutionalizing slavery, the war was inevitable. But this is not the only reason that the Constitution caused the Civil War. There was another, perhaps more important, reason that the founding fathers caused our particular sectional strife.
This reason is the electoral college. The presidency is key to analyzing the impact of the Constitution on the war. The founding fathers envisioned voters electing the best candidates as president and vice president.
A quick look at the first few elections reveals their intent. The framers would indeed be shocked to see how we elect our presidents today.
The presidency changed with Andrew Jackson. The president became the symbolic center of the federal government, as it is still seen today.
As a result, the presidency became the focus of partisanship and political parties placed much emphasis on controlling the office. Thus, the method of choosing a president gained great importance. It is here that the framers choice of the electoral college becomes vital. Concerned about the effect of popular pressure upon the executive, the founding fathers chose to insulate the president from the people.
Unfortunately, this played a direct role in the coming of the Civil War. In the first handful of presidential elections, votes were cast not for the presidential candidates, but for slates of party electors pledged to a candidate.
This system permitted bloc voting by state. Two consequences resulted from bloc voting. First was to amplify the importance of the most populous states, which, of course, controlled the most electoral votes. The second was greater in impact and caused the Civil War.
It permitted sectional parties. With support confined to the North, the Republican party could not have won a presidential contest based on the popular vote. InAbraham Lincoln won with less than forty percent of the vote. However, since his support was concentrated in the North, with its majority of electoral votes, he won.
The rise of the sectional Republican party led to the war. When national politics were controlled by two truly national parties, it was nearly impossible for the political gridlock that led to the war to occur.
With a constituency drawn from both North and South, a party was forced into compromise and sectional accord. Even when the slavery issue rose to the fore, the two party system was able to deflect its impact.
For the system to work properly, though, both parties must be accepted as legitimate. A truly sectional party, however, finds it difficult to gain such legitimacy.
Since its support is limited to a certain geographic area or particular issue, the opposition finds it difficult to treat it as a legitimate contender.
The Free Soil and Know Nothing parties are proof of this. InSoutherners refused to give the Republican party this standing. Slavery would be ended, the Southern way of life destroyed. Returning a Democrat to power in could not put back into place that which had been destroyed.
This was different than, say, repealing a tariff that had been put in place. The nation could not be returned to the status quo that stood prior to Faced with such a situation, the choice for Southerners was clear.
If the South remained in the Union, it faced the end of its way of life. To save the society they had built, Southerners could not remain in the Union.The United States Constitution is the supreme law of the United States.
The Constitution, originally comprising seven articles, delineates the national frame of timberdesignmag.com first three articles embody the doctrine of the separation of powers, whereby the federal government is divided into three branches: the legislative, consisting of the bicameral Congress; the executive, consisting of the.
[Edit 3/ I no longer endorse all the statements in this document. I think many of the conclusions are still correct, but especially section 1 is weaker than it should be, and many reactionaries complain I am pigeonholing all of them as agreeing with Michael Anissimov, which they do .
With Slavery being linked with polygamy E.R. Hoar demanded that the federal government abolish slavery through out the Union (Fonner, Free, ). The federal government was bound to the limitations set forth by the founding fathers.
Abolitionist interpreters began to discover ways to abolish slavery through constitutional means. The history of slavery spans many cultures, nationalities, and religions from ancient times to the present day. However the social, economic, and legal positions of slaves were vastly different in different systems of slavery in different times and places.
Slavery appears in the Mesopotamian Code of Hammurabi (c. BC), which refers to it as an established institution.
After the civil war, the 13th, 14th and 15th amendments were added to the constitution and the three-fifth clause and the fugitive clause were stated.
UW TACOMA DIVISION OF SOCIAL AND HISTORICAL STDY HISTORY (TACOMA) Detailed course offerings (Time Schedule) are available for. Autumn Quarter ; Winter Quarter ; T HIST Introduction to History Methods (5) I&S Introduces students to historians' methods for researching and writing, including Chicago style, with a focus on formulating, researching, and writing a history .