By this term, historians generally mean to denote the history of Western Europe from the end of the Roman Empire in the west until the Italian Renaissance:
The underlying problem extends to negative effects on the individual intelligence of believers, and a related negative effect on educational achievements.
Hardly any of the several-hundred Nobel Prize winning scientists have been Christians. The children of highly religious parents suffer diminished IQ s - averaging 7 to 10 points lower compared to their non-religious counterparts in similar socio-economic groups.
As you would expect from these results, multiple studies have also shown that IQ is opposed to the strength of religious belief. The effect extends beyond individual countries and is visible inter-nationally.
Countries with a higher rate of belief in God have lower average intelligence. All countries with high average intelligence have low national levels of belief in God. It is not just intelligence and education that is inversely correlated with religion - it has also been found that the more you know about religion itself, the less likely you are to be religious Higher rates of criminal activity is associated both with higher levels of religiosity, and with lower levels of intelligence: Intelligence is inversely linked to faith.
Evidence for this is that religious types notably Catholics are over-represented amongst prison inmates and other nasty classes of human, such as drug addicts, alcoholics, compulsive gamblers and sex industry workers; not to mention the fact that sectarian religious schools promote the social divisions that hundreds of sociological analyses have proven to destroy community cohesion and increase violence and crime.
Two ways forward are an increase in non-religious education and the reduction of the authority given to religious ideas. This fact is not the result of the chance failure of a long succession of popes who were hostile to learning and limited in their vision to provide any suitable education, but of the irreconcilable opposition of faith to rational thought.
So far no one has provided a counterexample. The most I have ever gotten back was the query, What do you mean by knowledge?
From an epistemological perspective this may be a thorny issue, but I maintain that, if there were a better alternative, someone would have presented it.
Had I presented the same challenge to biologists, or psychologists, or historians, or astronomers, none of them would have been so flummoxed.
The Struggles of the Faithful Against Academia, Science and Freethought freethought science There are countless tragedies in history where scientific discoveries have been suppressed, lost, destroyed, burnt and hidden, with scientists murdered, ousted, silenced and tortured.
In nearly all cases, the antagonists have been religious institutions who are offended, scared, or outraged by new discoveries and by challenging ideas. But their era ended when their last great scientist, Hypatia, was attacked by a mob of Christians and burnt in CE.
The center of sciencethe Alexandrian Library, was also burnt and destroyed. CopernicusKeplerGalileoNewton and Laplace all fought battles against the Church when they published scientific papers challenging religious orthodoxy. In particular, Anaximander of Miletus "proposed the spontaneous origin of life in mud, the first animals being fish covered with spines.
Some descendants of these fishes eventually abandoned the water and moved to dry land, where they evolved into other animals" 51 - all, he said, without any need for god s to step in.
Needless to say, it took science hundreds of years to rediscover the theory of evolution after an age of Christianity wiped it out. Now, much of the Muslim and Arab world is enshrouded in an age of faith so dark that once again, religious police and theocratic regimes enforce forms of religion on the people.
The Muslim world today is in a dark age, as was Christianity before it.
After the collapse of the Roman Empire, the Catholic Church stood as the most stable centre of European power and under its dominant influence science and scholarship was all but destroyed, replaced with Church dogma and doctrine, violently enforced Philosophical works were burned and lost, medicine and psychology set back hundreds of years 5459 In some areas of knowledge, over one thousand years of Human development was lost and education became controlled by the clergy and was often limited to them alone 55 The entire Middle Ages was subject to Christian superstitions, torture, violence, the loss of education and knowledge and the denial of basic human freedoms, specifically as a result of Christian doctrine During this time, the Arab world carried the torch of knowledge and surpassed Europe in its understanding of philosophy, mathematics, and the sciences in general 62 Europe slowly emerged from the dark age amidst continued widespread horror at the abuses of the Church, and a gradual trickle of intellectuals and early scientists emerged from the 12th century.Roman Catholicism: Roman Catholicism, Christian church that has been the decisive spiritual force in the history of Western civilization.
Christian values pervaded scholarship and literature, especially Medieval Latin literature, but Provençal literature also reflected Arab influence, and other flourishing medieval literatures, including German literature, Old Norse literature, and Middle English literature, incorporated the materials of .
In the Sixth Sunday of Easter falls on Mother’s Day. Preachers must be aware of this reality, even if they do not choose to make much of it in their sermons and worship planning.
The Middle Ages in Europe saw a decrease in prosperity, stability, and population in the first centuries of the period—to about AD, and then a fairly steady and general increase until the massive setback of the Black Death around , which is estimated to have killed at least a third of the overall population in Europe, with generally higher rates in the south and lower in the north.
Debate whether religion plays a vital role in modern societies.
Post your opinion. The prosperity and confidence of the west in this era is evident in the immense, soaring gothic cathedrals built in cities all across Europe. Europe changed a great deal over the Central Middle Ages.